Certainly no one wants to have a tooth removed, but sometimes a dental extraction becomes necessary for the overall health of the mouth.
Reasons for a tooth extraction
There are two types of tooth extractions. Both require the administration of anesthesia to minimize pain and discomfort. A simple extraction is performed when the tooth is visible above the gum line and the dentist can remove it using forceps. A surgical extraction is performed when the problem lies deeper within the gum line, and the gum tissue and/or bone must be removed in order to access the tooth. After the tooth and surrounding areas have been numbed with a local anesthetic, an incision is made into the gum tissue to reveal the tooth. It is then gripped and loosened by being pulled back and forth. It may be necessary to break the tooth into smaller pieces if it is too firmly lodged in place before it can be removed. Sutures may be used to close the area. If they are placed, they are usually soluble sutures, which dissolve over time.
After the procedure, the affected area will need to be treated with care as there may still be bleeding. The dentist may prescribe medications to help deal with any pain or swelling, which should be taken as directed. Specific instructions on cleaning and eating will also be provided. The treated area should heal within one to two weeks.